Cashmere is the world’s rare animals, rare specialty fiber, textile industry, high-grade raw materials, known as the “diamond fiber” and “soft gold.” It is the goats to ward off the cold in the mountains, a layer of wool and root growth of delicate and abundant hair, referred to as cashmere. The more cold weather, cashmere and more rich, more slender fibers. As the Kashmir region of Asia has historically been the hub of cashmere export to Europe, so cashmere in the international market accustomed to being known as Cashmere, China uses its homonym for “cashmere.” Compared with other fibers, cashmere has a gloss natural, soft, pure, gorgeous and so on.
1, the world wool industry overview
1. Production profile
The world’s major cashmere producing countries are China, Mongolia, Iran, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Turkey and other countries. China is the world’s largest producer of cashmere production, accounting for more than 70% of world output; Mongolian cashmere production of about 20%, there is rarely a part of cashmere production in the rest of the country. As an important economic value of cashmere and a variety of uses, since the 20th century, 70s, Australia, New Zealand, Scotland, the United States, also have begun to develop cashmere industry.
In China, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, Shanxi, Hebei, Shanxi, Shandong and Liaoning cashmere region is the main producing areas in China. Inner Mongolia is China’s largest number of cashmere goats, cashmere Cashmere advantage of the highest-producing areas. About the world cashmere production of 1 / 3 (Table 1), known as the “World cashmere look at China, look at Inner Mongolia Cashmere” consensus.
2. Quality Overview
The value of wool affected by three kinds of factors: fineness, length and color. International Textile industry demands for cashmere fineness with a diameter of 13.0 ~ 16.0 m for the best in the international market 16.0 m in diameter below the maximum length of a long cashmere prices, with the diameter of bold price also brought down. Colors are divided into Cashmere, blue velvet, Zi Rong, including Cashmere most precious, the world’s cashmere production accounts for only about 30%. Mongolian cashmere production, color to blue, violet-based, about 5% of White Cashmere, 70% of blue velvet and Zi Rong, length 35 ~ 37mm, fineness between 13 ~ 15 m. Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and other Central and West Asia countries produced velvet, color to dark mainly coarse fineness, length short, feel worse. Afghan cashmere fiber diameter of 16.5 ~ 17.5 m; Iran cashmere fiber diameter of 17.5 ~ 19 m, only textile and woolen cashmere products: cashmere fiber diameter of the Don in Russia 19.5 m; Turkey cashmere fiber diameter of 16 ~ 17 m: Australia feral cashmere fiber diameter of 16.5 ~ 16.9 m. China’s cashmere is not only a good fineness, fiber diameter of 13 ~ 15 m, and a higher proportion of white cashmere, accounting for about 40%.
In northern China, including Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning and other places, mainly produces more than the length of 34 ~ 42mm white dehaired cashmere. Is the main raw material for knitwear; the central part of Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shandong, Hebei and so on land. 22 ~ 32mm of dehaired cashmere products suitable for production of woolen woven products. Tibet Zirong to fineness 14.8 m, the length of 34mm to feel good, pure color and unique style, influenced by popular. Liaoning Cashmere goat Cashmere high volume of individuals. Alashan Inner Mongolia cashmere goats, cashmere goats Arbas, Erlang mountain goats, and Chifeng Saihan known Cashmere goats produce cashmere in Need “white in white” (the length of 36mm or more, fineness 15.3 m below) and Tibet Breeding of the northern Tibet since the production of Cashmere goats, quality Jia.
Second, the world’s cashmere industry’s trade status
United Kingdom, Italy, Japan, the United States and other countries are the world’s largest cashmere importer. According to “China Customs Statistics Yearbook,” Statistics show that in 2006, Italian imports of raw cashmere 2254t, British imports 408t, Japan, 345t, the United States due to the impact of slow economic growth, imports of raw cashmere less than usual.
For cashmere-exporting countries in 2006, exports of raw cashmere Mongolia 927t, export value of 22.224 million U.S. dollars: Kazakhstan out of 121389t, export value of 1.514 million U.S. dollars; Belgium out of 121318t, exports amounted to 2.264 million U.S. dollars: Turkey out of 121119t; Iran exported 115t. Read from the global pattern. Cashmere industry in recent years, great changes have taken place. The first is the United States to phase out large-scale production enterprises; followed by Japan, a lot of cashmere industry is shrinking. Because of their high cost, the Japanese textile industry have moved their factories produced in China. Dehaired cashmere imported from Japan in 1989 had 1000t, 2002, imports less than 400t. The traditional European cashmere producing countries such as Britain, Italy and other countries. Due to high labor costs, is also beginning to shift to the Chinese textile enterprises.